Brexit Agreement Explained

The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. On 17 October 2019, the UK and the EU agreed on the terms of the UK`s exit (Brexit) and a transitional period until 31 December 2020. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement. [30] The agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and may be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK. [17] [18] The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms. [29] The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the «backstop» agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense.

The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas:[16] On 22 October, the British Parliament agreed to review Brexit legislation. But she decided it took longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. This means that it is no longer possible to withdraw with an agreement on the planned date of Brexit, 31 October. The Brexit deal will not come into force until the Brexit law is passed by the British Parliament. The European Union and the United Kingdom have approved the withdrawal agreement. The British Parliament and the European Parliament have yet to approve the withdrawal agreement. What`s new in the approval agreement? Nothing like this has been formally proposed by Theresa May`s government. The proposals he sent to European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in early October for the first time formulated a detailed approval mechanism under Mr Johnson`s leadership. The transition period is not extended. The United Kingdom has stated that it does not want an extension.

The option of an extension was included in the withdrawal agreement. The UK and the EU have had until 1 July 2020 to agree on a possible extension. The UK government and the other 27 EU member states approve the draft agreement. But the Conservatives may decide that a comprehensive trade and partnership agreement is more important than sticking to their own deadline, not least because breaking the promise of an extension can be seen as more politically tasty than looking at the consequences of a non-agreement. However, it is unlikely that Johnson will apply for it until June 2020. If the request for an extension came after June, we would be in legally murky waters. Overall, perhaps the simplest phase of the negotiations is behind us.