The ARLS with Russia is expected to be signed at the meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin in September on the sidelines of the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, Russia. Last month, a delegation led by Secretary of State Jiwesh Nandan visited Russia to conclude the agreement, according to the Defense Ministry in its monthly report. Moscow had sent a draft agreement early last year, and the MoD sent it in July to the Integrated Defence Staff and the three services for their positions. Australia had submitted an MLSA project shortly after India signed LEMOA, but New Delhi said at the time that it would use more logistics pacts after the first one was put into service. In March, before the bilateral naval exercise AUSINDEX, Australian diplomatic sources sounded the tone for a pact that said the argument for one was «imperative.» AUSINDEX saw the participation of Australia`s largest naval contingent to India with 1,000 employees and assets. After years of negotiations, India and Japan have signed a pioneering agreement allowing their military to access each other`s bases for logistical support, a turnkey development that comes amid growing concern about China`s military muscle dissociation in the region where India has signed four military logistics support agreements with partner countries and is in the process of finalizing the fifth with Russia. The topic came up for discussion during Defence Minister Rajnath Singh`s recent visit to Russia on 05-07 November 2019.1 Whether the agreement signed with Russia, known as the Reciprocal Logistics Support Agreement (RLSA), will be an important step in bilateral relations. As the name suggests, the agreement will facilitate the mutual use of logistics facilities by military personnel from both countries during visits to the other country`s ports, bases and military installations. The pacts signed with the United States and France provide, among other things, access to various important indian army bases in Djibouti, Guam and the Reunion Islands.
India has already signed similar agreements with the United States, France and Singapore. These agreements are taken into account in the Indian Navy`s request to maintain its 24-hour, 24-hour presence in its main areas of interest, the Indian Ocean region (IOC) and, in the future, in the Indo-Pacific. The Indian Navy has maintained its presence through its concept of mission-based operations, involving more than a dozen large surface combatants along the entire length and breadth of the IOC. These operations have notably contributed to a significant improvement in the image of the Indian maritime domain Awareness (MDA), to facilitate the monitoring of vessels of interest and to be the First Responder in the case of a HADR scenario under development. The biggest beneficiary of the logistics pacts has been the navy, which interacts and trains most with foreign navies. In the case of deep-sea operations, exercises or humanitarian aid missions, fuel, food and other needs can be exchanged and resolved at a later date according to the terms and conditions. Thus, since LEMOA`s signing with the United States in 2016, Indian warships stationed near the Gulf of Aden, near the Gulf of Aden, Indian warships are stocking up on U.S. Navy tankers in the region and have the same flexibility to refuel U.S. Navy ships around the world or , if necessary, to arrive at ports under their control.