Pakistan China Gwadar Port Agreement

Gwadar Port is owned by the Gwadar Port Authority[53] and operated by China Overseas Port Holding Company (COPHC), a Chinese state-owned company. [54] Prior to COPHC, the port was operated by the Port of Singapore Authority. In May 2016, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Iranian counterpart, President Hassan Rouhani, signed a series of 12 agreements in Tehran as a blessing for India-Iran relations. As a result of these agreements, India Ports Global Pvt. Limited will rehabilitate a 640-metre-long container handling plant, rebuild a 600-metre-long berth in the port of Chabahar[82] and upgrade the associated infrastructure on the docks. [83] Improved port is expected to allow the export of Indian goods to Iran, with the possibility of continuing links with Afghanistan and Central Asia. [84] Part of the Indian media called it «a pole opposed to the Sino-Pakistan economic corridor»,[85] although the total monetary value of the projects is significantly lower than that of the $46 billion CPEC project, valued at about $500 million. [86] ISLAMABAD: A Senate body was stunned on Thursday when a federal secretary said the Gwadar Port Affairs Treaty was «confidential» and its details could not be publicly disclosed. A 2014 analysis by the U.S. National Defence University entitled «Chinese Overseas Basing Requirements in the 21st Century» showed that «dual-use logistics facilities» were best inspired by Chinese policy, with Pakistan`s trusted ally being the ideal location for a military base. Gwadar fits that description perfectly.

This analysis is supported by Chinese comments on the establishment of «Overseas Strategic Support Bases», which is a «…… Pakistan.» For freight, three corridors have been identified: the eastern orientation through the densely populated provinces of Sindh and Punjab, where most industries are located, the western orientation by the less developed and sparsely populated provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan and the future central orientation that will pass through Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Balochistan. [89] Surprisingly, Gwadar has not had economic success in the past five years. Following the armed attacks by the Baloch separatists on Chinese interests, bureaucratic bureaucracy and poor governance in Pakistan, even the infrastructure supporting Gwadar has not yet been fully put in place and experts had ruled out that Gwadar would soon be successful.