On July 1, 2020, the U.S. House Armesd Services Committee voted overwhelmingly in favor of amending the National Defense Authorization Act to limit President Trump`s ability to withdraw U.S. troops from Afghanistan.   When asked about the U.S. attitude in this important case in the U.S.-Taliban negotiations, U.S. officials rejected the U.S. role in securing the rights of Afghan women and offered to leave that to Afghans to sort it out. Today, the position of women in Afghanistan is precisely the result of the commitment of the United States and the coalition and could never have developed to such an extent without the courageous attitudes of Afghan activists and our strong attitude to women`s rights over the past two decades. This would likely mean dismantling the Taliban`s military force for the demobilization or integration of their members into the Afghan security forces, a goal that frightens O`Hanlon. The official Agreement of the Taliban in the United States outlines a series of discussions that would continue into the future between the United States, the Taliban and the Afghan government.
Yet ongoing violence, particularly against innocent civilian communities, largely denies the value of these discussions. Right now, the Taliban are attacking the Afghan government when they are not attacking the United States and our allies. Why would the United States commit to an agreement in which the Taliban could conclude that the United States and its coalition partners would be immune to attacks, but would the United States be cautious that the Taliban would attack our main ally in this war, the Afghan government? On his face, it would be difficult for the Afghan government to find a logical good reason to meet in the midst of the ongoing attacks. These Taliban activities are the true definition of bad faith behaviour and, with the departure of the United States, the Afghan government will have far less power and authority to bring the Taliban to justice and begin talks at a distant level. While others have written in more detail about the overall agreement, I will express my specific concerns here on certain points. The United States has been on the ground for 18 years and is directly involved in the war, with analysts calling the situation a stalemate.  Although Al Qaeda is now considered «reduced» in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the war continues with Taliban insurgents.  The end of 18 years of conflict has eluded former U.S. presidents and Donald Trump has said he considers the war too costly.
 Similarities to the process of ending the Vietnam War – America`s longest war before 2010 – were noted, leading to the 1973 Paris Peace Accords.   The Afghan peace process includes proposals and negotiations to end the ongoing war in Afghanistan. Although sporadic efforts have been made since the war began in 2001, negotiations and the pacifist movement intensified in 2018 amid talks between the Taliban, the main insurgent group fighting the Afghan government and U.S. troops; and the United States, with thousands of troops in the country supporting the Afghan government.  In addition to the United States, regional powers such as Pakistan, China, India and Russia and NATO also play a role in facilitating the peace process.   «The agreement expressly invites the Taliban to meet with other Afghans in intra-Afghan negotiations, where they will discuss the modalities and date of a comprehensive and lasting ceasefire,» said a Foreign Ministry official.